Saturday, May 23, 2020

Terrorism Emergency Plan for Metropolis Free Essay Example, 1250 words

In fact, lack of or poor cooperation and coordination among security agencies is one of the primary reasons terrorism continues to thrive. This aspect of the plan lays down the chain of command to be observed in the event of a terrorist act. The absence of a chain of command creates an atmosphere of confusion that makes it possible for the terrorists to escape without being apprehended. The fourth and final area is the procedure of notifying members of the public of the act of terrorism[Jia08]. The essence of this component is to minimize the number of casualties. This aspect should be well executed so that it does not lead to more casualties. For instance, it would be inappropriate to sound police sirens around the scene of the incident. Doing so could confuse some people who would end up running toward, instead of away from, the scene. Instead, authorities should broadcast breaking news on television and radio stations. In addition, in this day and age, the social media would come in handy. Resiliency Planning Terroristattacks disrupt day-to-day activity at the target site. We will write a custom essay sample on Terrorism Emergency Plan for Metropolis or any topic specifically for you Only $17.96 $11.86/pageorder now The purpose of resiliency planning is to help Metropolis bounce back to normalcy as soon as possible in the aftermath of a terrorist attack[Bow14]. Of the four areas of resiliency planning discussed here, the first two are short-term or immediate in nature. The third and the fourth are longer-term. The first critical aspect of resiliency planning is victim support[Hen05]. Terrorist attacks often result in the deaths of many people while seriously injuring many more. The essence of this aspect of the resiliency plan is to get those who are wounded to hospitals as soon as possible and link them with their loved ones. Consequently, as soon as the scene is secured, the bodies of the deceased need to be retrieved at taken to morgues and their relatives helped to locate them. The second area is site restoration[Slo02]. Besides destroying lives, terrorists destroy property. The city authorities should help in the speedy restoration of the site. Where damage to the property is minimal, it may be possible to restore a property to its original status and use, with renovations. Where the damage is severe, the site may be changed into a different use such as a memorial park. Throughout the process, the city authorities should work closely with the owners or tenants of the property. The third area of concern for the resiliency plan is the prevention of similar terrorist attacks in the future[Slo02].

Monday, May 18, 2020

Feminist Research - 2521 Words

MSc Marketing Strategy IB9X30 Research Methods for Marketing Strategy Individual assignment Option B- Critical Analysis of: Martin, D.M, Schouten, J.W, McAlexander, J.H. 2006. Claiming The Throttle: Multiple femininities in a hyper-masculine subculture, Consumption, Markets Culture, 9:3, 171-205. Title: Grasping the nature of Feminist Ethnography. Submission date: December 4,2010 Warwick ID: 1058761 Word count: 1960 Words â€Å"All the work contained in this work is my own, original unaided effort. I have read and understand, and the work conforms to, the University’s guidelines on plagiarism† 1 ABSTRACT Feminist research holds a lot of value in today’s society where equality between female and†¦show more content†¦Feminist research is an anti positivist approach, thus it discards the value†free nature of research (Haig, 1997;Punch, 2000 as cited in Sarantakos, Sept 2004:54). Feminist researchers generally employ a qualitative research method design in order to meet the objectives of their study. Reinharz (1992) sees feminist research as more of a â€Å"perspective† rather than a method (Wilkinson and Morton, 2007). Typically society’s viewpoint is generally a male dominated one, thus there is the need for equality between men and female perspectives. Feminist research aspires to achieve this by gathering data and pointing out different perspectives relevant to today’s world. This article is an excellent example of a feminist research as it incorporates all the principles of a feminis t research paper. It includes an emotional perspective involving all experiences and events witnessed, thus gaining an inside experience. It aims to create a social change and bring frontward the unheard voices of women by representing their standpoint. Gender is given central importance in the domain of social inquiry; research is carried out surrounding that aspect (Sarantakos, Sept 2004:56). The article has employed a variety of qualitative methods and frameworks and thus described howShow MoreRelatedResearch Paper on Black Feminists1307 Words   |  6 PagesResearch Paper: Black Feminist Movement Different movements went on through segregation days where blacks and whites were separated. Some movements led to another. Such movements became very popular, and were moving fast towards freedom. However, some movements were not taking as serious as others. Such movements like the Black Feminist Movement, was not looked at as a major aspect to their black nation. Many had fail to realize that even women have strong voices to be heard in social, politicalRead MoreI Propose We Do Something About The Underlying Problems1246 Words   |  5 Pagestwisted. Many women who are in fact feminists are clouded on what an actual feminism is. Many scholars and writers have written on certain issues on â€Å"What is wrong with feminism† or even how bad one side of other feminist are. Some feminist/scholars have said that the racism, sexism, and gender hate discrimination is hugely impacted the way feminists view each other. Although some of these accusations are true, most of them stereo type a huge number of feminists. I propose that feminism will improveRead MorePatriarchy And The Challenge Of Feminism Essay894 Words   |  4 PagesJudith Bennett is a Medievalist Historian who has focused much of her research on English/European women and feminist history (1-2). In her book History Matters: Patriarchy and the Challenge of Feminism, she argues that feminism and history, specifically women’s, need to be more closely linked. This link, she argues, comes from taking theories and methods from one field and applying them to the other in order to create a more indepth analysis of both. Bennett states in her introduction that thisRead MoreFeminist Theory : A Feminist Life1591 Words   |  7 PagesWriter, feminist theorist, and professor Sara Ahmed wrote Living a Feminist Life alongside her blog She started writing it before and completed it after her resignation in 2016 from her post as director of the Centre for Feminist Research at Golds miths at the University of London after a lengthy struggle to hold the school accountable for incidents of sexual harassment on campus (Ahmed, n.d.). Her resignation, and location both in and out of the academy informed a lot of theRead MoreBolatito A. Lanre-Abbas, (2013) Feminism In The Postmodernist1173 Words   |  5 Pagessociety, that anyone who strives for this, or women’s emancipation from oppression is a feminist. Feminism is diverse experiences of diverse women, all striving to better society. Neither feminist nor postmodernist want to be labeled the other, this stems from the fact that there are multiple women’s movements and it is unclear which label would be attached. Postmodernist’s just don’t agree on every point that feminists might, again they don’t like the universal aspect, which feminism usually tries toRead MoreThe Female Body And Land Art1574 Words   |  7 Pagesmoving to the USA. This displacement from her homeland and cult ure played a large part in informing her work. Mendieta repeatedly proclaimed, ‘I am between two cultures’ (Mendieta in Barreras del Rio) . In her search for identity Mendieta supported feminist ideas which in turn promoted feminine discourse. I believe that Mendieta s intention was to empower women through a shared experience and the heritage of an ancient matriarchal culture. The ‘Silueta Series’ which incorporated earth works, naturalRead MoreApplying The Woman Question : The Case Of An African Nigerian Woman1152 Words   |  5 PagesAPPLYING â€Å"THE WOMAN QUESTION† TO ENVIRONMENTAL LAWS: THE CASE OF AN AFRICAN NIGERIAN WOMAN (Short Presentation and Summary)  ¬Ã‚ ¬Ã‚ ¬Ã‚ ¬BY: UCHENNA IJOMA This brief paper examines my application of the feminist research methodology to my future research. My research topic is centred on what role law has to play to balance the interest between the environmental hazards affecting the Climate and satisfying the basic energy need of poor women living in the rural area of Nigeria who depends solelyRead MoreConflicting Paradigms On Gender And Sexuality1453 Words   |  6 Pagesthe feminism theory, along with culture studies and relations. This review shows that conflicting paradigms, come together in this literature and that very few studies are both strong and rich, these paradigms including misogyny or sexual agency . Research in the future should approach this hardship as well as expand on changes over time in how gender relationships and sexual relationships have been chooses in this specific music category. The review is primarily focused around sexuality in relationRead MoreDoes Feminism Create Equality?1037 Words   |  5 Pagesto men. Nevertheless, it is also surrounded by controversy and has become a political game. As an illustration, feminism in some countries becomes part of political rally and many politicians label and identify themselves as feminist to enhance their public images among feminist voters. In addition, politicians can play on the emotion of women by telling that they can get women more rights if they get elected. Perhaps the most acknowledged cause of feminism’s inability to create equality is the diversityRead MoreFeminism : A Feminist Perspective1168 Words   |  5 Pageseye-opening articles, groundbreaking books, and activism has influenced my intellectual journal through feminist theory. Feminism is a contentious topic with matters that pertain to contemporary feminism, including the following: reproductive rights; equal access to education and employment; marriage equality; violence against women; and the sex trade. While these are only a few of the issues faced by feminists, it is evident that feminism has great value in today’s society. My journey with feminism began

Monday, May 11, 2020

Satire Of Being Earnest And Jane Austen s Pride And...

Nineteenth century European society was characterized by organized religion and a rigid class system. Oscar Wilde’s The Importance of Being Earnest and Jane Austen’s Pride and Prejudice use satire to reveal faults in these elements of society. Many of Wilde’s criticisms of society are provoked by his closeted homosexuality. He portrays religion as a restricting, meaningless convention and depicts the aristocratic class as a hypocritical and unempathetic lot. Austen similarly finds faults in these areas of society, but her opinions stem from her experiences as a nineteenth century woman. Her criticisms of religion are directed toward the clergyman and she declares the aristocratic class to be both egotistical and image obsessed. Both authors satirize the same systems and traditions of society to raise awareness of faults within each area, but their critiques of each feature is different. Additionally, Wilde uses various literary techniques as methods of satirizat ion while Austen only uses her characters as sources of criticism. Wilde uses burlesque and wordplay to expose the limiting and inconsequential nature of religion, while Austen’s Mr. Collins demonstrates the corruption of the clergy. Before Algernon and Jack devise their plan to use christenings to gain a Christian second name, there is no indication that they are religious. They are only interested in religion because they realize they stand to gain secular benefits from it. In accordance with the plan, Jack

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Literary Techniques Used by Jonathan Swift - 535 Words

Writing Benchmark There are many ways an author of a book, novel, poem, or any literary work tries to connect to his or her audience. An author experiments with different literary techniques and ideas which he or she best believes is sufficient in getting his or her perspective across to the audience. One famous work called A Modest Proposal by Jonathan Swift is often considered the ideal example of a literary style called satire. In this work, Swift delivers his perspective and thoughts on the Irish in the 1700s that were living in poverty due to a nationwide famine in Ireland. Jonathan Swift’s main purpose was to mock the cruel and disappointing treatment of the impoverished Irish in the 1700s and he uses elements of satire to convince readers of his perspective. Jonathan Swift relies heavily on verbal irony to express his perspective on the treatment of the Irish by the ruling English. Using verbal irony, Swift wrote the opposite of what he actually meant. Throughout the st ory, he writes in the perspective of an Englishmen which opposed the Irish when in reality, he was writing in favor of the Irish and their poor conditions. For example, Swift stated that a positive effect from having his cannibalistic â€Å"solution† would be that the number of papists, or Catholics would decrease. Swift wrote in the perspective of the English, who were Protestant and hated the Irish Catholics and treated them harshly for being so. This revealed his true perspective as he mocks theShow MoreRelatedJohn Swift1632 Words   |  7 PagesChristian 1213.1915 04/12/13 Jonathan Swift’s Writing Style According to critics, Jonathan Swift’s writing style has three characteristics, which are mockery, details and panegyric writing. Harold Weber explains, â€Å"Swift’s verse technique and the way in which he achieves his poetic effects, the disagreement over the value of Swift’s varied satiric masks† (448). Weber defines Swift’s use of mockery as a satiric mask recurring in as self-amusement in his literary works. Thomas Gilmore speaks ofRead MoreSatire In Gullivers Travels1455 Words   |  6 Pagestheir works. One of these elements that writers use is called â€Å"satire.† This element is used to make fun of something that the author disapproves of in a comical but hidden way. Widely considered as one of the greatest satirists to ever live, Jonathan Swift used satire in his works to express his disgust in society and the British Monarchy during the 18th century. One of the greatest satires ever written by Swift was Gulliver’s Trav els. In Gulliver’s Travels, satire is evident through Gulliver’sRead MoreLiterary Analysis : Jonathan Swift1425 Words   |  6 PagesMary Ellen Griffith Freshman Comp. II Oct. 27, 2015 Literary analysis The author I decided to write about is Jonathan Swift for he had a keen sense for effective sarcasm. As Jonathan Swift said â€Å"The proper words in the proper places are the true definition of style.† Though he was known in different ways, he was mostly popularized through his gift in writing, particularly his satire, or his use of humor and irony, essays. Through out swift life, there has been plenty of events where I believeRead MoreEffective Persuasive Techniques Used By John Donne s `` The Flea ``1480 Words   |  6 PagesEffective Argument Techniques Effective argumentative and persuasive techniques are a course of reasoning aimed at validating or falsifying the truth in an argument. With an in-depth analysis of literature, the perplex intentions of a writer that use such techniques can be revealed. Methods such as logical fallacies, rhetorical devices, and satirical devices are three approaches that construct a piece of work on a more compelling level. Behind these elements of writing, there are a multitude of purposesRead MoreSatire of a Modest Proposal Essay1331 Words   |  6 Pagesis a beautiful technique exercised to convey a message or call a certain group of people to action. This rhetorical skill is artfully used by Jonathan Swift in his pamphlet â€Å"A Modest Proposal.† The main argument for this mordantly ironic essay is to capture the attention of a disconnected and indifferent audience. Swift makes his point by stringing together a dreadfully twisted set of morally untenable positions in order to cast blame and aspersions on his intended audience. Jonathan Swift’s â€Å"A ModestRead MoreHoratian and Juvenalian Satire1884 Words   |  8 PagesHoratian and Juvenalian Satire Satire has many definitions, but according to Merriam Webster satire can be defined as â€Å"A literary work holding up human vices and follies to ridicule or scorn† (Webster). This definition is likely used by many authors who exercise the application of satire. Satire has been in literature since ancient times; it is derived from the Latin satura, meaning dish of mixed fruits, (Weisgerber). Many satirists have shared a common aim: to expose foolishness in all its guisesRead MoreSatire in Tartuffe and Modest Proposal1560 Words   |  7 Pagesand behaviors. Various techniques are used in order to deliver a satirist effect, those of which house wit as their main weapon. These methods harmonize the mastering of coexisting trivial and serious matters as one sarcasm, showing praise but meaning the contrary to demonstrate irony, and asking questions rhetorically. Additionally, the author might understate an issue in order to maneuver the audience towards the true importance of th e topic, adversely; exaggeration is used to lower the impact ofRead MoreJonathan Swift s A Modest Proposal1809 Words   |  8 PagesJonathan Swift’s A Modest Proposal is a satirical essay that sardonically uses an outrageous solution to the massive poverty in Ireland. He proposes this lengthy idea of eating children as the solution to the society’s problems. His serious yet hyperbolic and satirical style allows Swift an approach to get people engaged in the difficulties the Irish had to do to survive their everyday life. This essay explores Swift’s ability to use literary devices and how these techniques advance his idea aboutRead MoreSatire Essay1434 Words   |  6 PagesSatire is a great tool used by many writers and actors since ancient times. The earliest example that we know about is a script from 2nd millennium BC in Ancient Egypt (Definition: Satire) and since then has evolved into a great part of our society. Satire is used to point out the faults of human vice in order for change and reform in either of two ways. There is a very bitter Juvenalian or a mild and light Horatian. In order to fully understand these forms of satire, method, purpose, and applicationsRead MoreMedia Project1616 Words   |  7 PagesArt as Technique 1. Defamiliarization is stripping objects or subjects from their individual or â€Å"familiar† characteristics and giving them unusual or â€Å"unfamiliar† traits to allow the reader to see it in a whole new perspective. An example of this is in Tolstoys defamiliarization of spanking, explaining the act as â€Å"to strip people who have broken the law, to hurl them to the floor, and to rap on their bottoms with switches.† The crude description removes the disciplinary context it had and

Discuss Concepts of Attachment in Human Development Free Essays

string(122) " children on the weekends to make up for the time they have been working and they have missed expending with their child\." Discuss concepts of attachment in human development. What implications does this have for a society in which the majority of Mothers are employed outside the home? Attachment is the bond and affection created by two people. It is a need developed in human beings since we are born to feel secure and safe. We will write a custom essay sample on Discuss Concepts of Attachment in Human Development or any similar topic only for you Order Now According to Bowlby, this theory is an emotion connection human beings generate when they are born where they get emotionally associated to caregivers, normally the mother, creating to an emotional reaction when this connection of attachment is in danger or gone. (Worden 1991) Lasing psychological connectedness between human beings† The caregiver is giving to the baby an emotional security needed for the development of the baby. (Hospice Slo) This attachment between baby and caregiver can be partially replaced when the baby grows and gets involved for longer periods of time during the day with other human beings but it is very important to keep the infant close to the main caregiver to improve child’s chance of survival. Birth involves changes and adjustments, pain and joy and new beginnings (Kubler-Ross 1981) Key Features of Bolby’s theory of Attachment. Monotropy: Babies are strongly attached to the caregiver who is normally the mother, and this attachment take s its form on the first year of life. -If attachment with the mother has not taken place by age 2, it will be almost impossible to adjust it, even after 6 months of the baby’s life; it would make it very difficult. -Secure attachment to the caregiver is very important for a future emotional, social and intellectual development. -Once attachment is created, if it gets interrupted it can led to massive consequences on social, intellectual and emotional development. Reciprocal: The attachment is form in a two way. -Critical period. Between 6 months and 2 years is most important period where the baby and the caregiver should be close to creating a bond. -Maternal deprivation. As Bowlby describes it, it is the serious developmental impairment caused by being separated from the mother in infancy. (Kubler-Ross 1981) Having in mind the theories of attachment according to Bowlby and the repercussions if interrupted, we can state the existence of a strong independence between mother an d baby. We can understand that this bond between baby/toddler and caregiver cannot be eternally followed. In general, the mothers, after a giving birth, have created the attachment and get connected to the baby but at some point, most of them will have to go back to a productive life and join their job again if they had one, as most women will be obliged to contribute to the necessities of the family’s finances so she will be forced to assign the task of caring for the baby after just a few months of the baby’s life. That does not mean the attachment will be broken but the baby will spend some time during the day looked after by a second party. The baby will be responsive and create an emotional connection between the new caregiver once the caregiver is responsive and familiar. (Berger 1983) This is not a journey by choice most of the time. It would be greater if the mother could stay close to home and focus directly on what is right to be sure that her path is connected with the child. (Kornfield 1988) The task of looking after the baby while the mother is working could be given to a second party in the family, for example grandparents if they are able to take care of the child or any other relative. A nanny or infant day care are some other choices to achieve the right care for the baby. Once the task of carer has been assigned, the baby will be separated of his mother for most of the day and new attachments will be formed, but the main one will be the bond between mother and child. This change could be lived by the child in a very distressed way as new people or strange people will be caring for him and it could be upsetting for the mother if the bonds are too tight. As upsetting as it could be for the child this change in life and environment could be a crucial move for the child to start learning different things, interact with other people or children and start new discoveries. Mothers always think is safer to leave children with family relates, but depending the age, childcare could be a perfect option for a child. Once the infant is around 2 years old, being exposed to other children will help to develop and the start of relationships with other people or kids, so from being the main character in his house, children will learn to socialize with other children or people with the purpose of social growing. The father, who in a normal situation would have developed a bond with the child but in a smaller scale than the mother, he will make closer emotional connection with his child as he will have more responsibility sharing the tasks and caring for the baby. Cowan 1993) Having mentioned what attachment means for caregiver/mother and baby and the changes in modern life, we can question how this affects the working mother, the family and the child. Long-term study by University College London has studied the case and influence in young children when their mothers have to go to work and develop a professional career. The conclusions have been revealing that the kids exposed to this situation are not harmed emotionally or socially by being left with family, relatives or day care option and they would had the same behaviour so there were no changes with the absence of the caregiver. Some researches pointed out that there are no big difference between the time a working mother or a housewife dedicate to their children, as the working mothers compensate the attention to their children on the weekends to make up for the time they have been working and they have missed expending with their child. You read "Discuss Concepts of Attachment in Human Development" in category "Essay examples" Psychologists’ point that it is more important the quality not the quantity of time spent with her children. The fact that the mother can develop a professional career can help to lift her self-esteem and that will be transmitted to the children instead the mother having to resign for the sake of her children which it can lead to a frustration and depression and these could also be transmitted to the children and affect their day life and their behaviour. This case study leaded to some other repercussions regarding children gender and different situations in the household which we can blame to some dysfunctional parental issues. (Meikle) The UCL Centre for Paediatric Epidemiology and Biostatics study states that children which are left in caring centres or looked after by relatives have poorer dietary habits, had more tendencies to drink sweet drinks between meals and they were an average of two hours a day in front of the TV or the computer than the children who were full time looked after by the mother. These statements link to appreciate that working parents have less time to provide their children with a balance diet and chances for physical activity leading children to a higher risk of obesity. (Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health) Another study by the University College London states that there were no detrimental effects for children if the mother goes back to work but that children’s health and emotional wellbeing could sustain if the detachment happens in very early life of the child. Dr Anne McMunn agrees with some of the statements above and she pointed that children looked after by the mother full time had the most behaviour difficulties. (Ross, T, Barker, C) She also stated that working mothers are more likely to have higher educational qualifications which would allow them to live in a higher class in society, with bigger incomes and have lower possibilities of getting depressed than non working mothers. These factors explain the levels of behavioural difficulties for males of non working mothers, but it would not be the same case for girls. (McMunn, A) The American Psychological Association, in Washington, D. C has studied the case of families with low incomes and the benefits in children if mothers go to work. Children in a low class family will benefit more if the mother works as there will be a financial stability in the household and the mother will become a model role to follow for the family. Their case study was based in mothers returning to work at early age of the children (preferably almost straight away after giving birth) giving a result of benefits for the children and the family. On the other side, mothers who go back to work after her children turns 3 years old, these children will tend to have achievement problems in school, behavioural problems and conduct problems, believing that it was much better an earlier start for the mother to join work. Doing more research on middle and upper class families, children who were left in daycares were slightly more likely to see decreases in achievement, suggesting that families with no financial problems may not see beneficial for the mother to go back to work while children are very young. These studies took place in USA and they agree there is no support for new mothers in terms of flexi time and maternity leave policies and that having more help to arrange more time with their babies could only have positive effects for children. Thompson, R. L) United Nations Children’s Fund reported that children in UK are exposed to risk as mothers join work too soon having to leave babies in day care, nannies and they mentioned it reduces the emotional benefit and behaviourally if the mothers were able to look after the kids at home as maternity leave are not fairly paid and UK and it does not provide enough money for early childhood services. Unicef reckons by their research that the lack of contact between parents and children could lead the children to depression and withdrawn, performing poorly in school and developing behavioural problems stating that the younger the baby is, the greater the risk recommending that babies should be with the parents at least till they are 12 months old. (Beckford, M) We have had the chance to compare different studies and points of view in terms of the impact and implications for employed mothers who have to be away from their homes to bring an income to the house and leave their children in care of second parties. Some of this studies vary in opinions and we have pointed the main repercussions, but most of them agree there is no major repercussions in being absent from the household while they are working. In general, once the attachment mother-child has been established, the mother and the children will always be connected and it could be beneficial for the child for his on future development. In the old times, mothers were staying at home looking after the children and taking care of the house, but this society we are living now has made us change this tradition and our ways of behaving relating parental attachment have changed as we need the income to survive, but the success of our children in the future will not be measured by the material things received but the intensity and quality in the affecting relations parents have been able to provide since they are children. We need to bear in mind that most of the cases where the studies do not find any unbeneficial consequences are based in traditional families, mother and father together with no dysfunctional problems, which if these situation changes dramatically, and the consequences would be completely different. We also presume that the nanny, relative or care giver assigned for this task has experience or it is a high level institution where the children are not going to be in lack of caring of attention. References: – Beckford, M (2008) Unicef: English children at risk because mothers go back to work too soon [Online]. Available: http://www. telegraph. o. uk/news/uknews/3701376/Unicef-English-children-at-risk-because-mothers-go-back-to-work-too-soon. html [Accessed 15 November 2011] -Berger, K. S, 6th ed. , (1983) The developing person through the life span. New York: Worth Publishers. – Cowan, P. A (1993) Family, self, and society: toward a new agenda for family research. New Jers ey: Lawerence Erlbaum Associates, Inc. – Hospice SLO. Worden’s 4 Tasks of Grief [Online]. Available: http://www. hospiceslo. org/helpful-info/82-wordens-4-tasks-of-grief. html [Accessed 15 November 2011] -Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health (2009) Children of working mothers have unhealthier lifestyles. Online]. Available: http://www. ucl. ac. uk/news/news-articles/0909/09092903 [Accessed 17 November 2011] -Kornfield, J (1988) A path with heart. New York: Rider. -Kubler-Ross,E (1981) Living with Death and Dying. How to communicate with the terminally ill. New York:Touchstone. -McMunn, A (2011) Working mothers and the effects on children. [Online]. Available: http://www. esrc. ac. uk/news-and-events/press-releases/16143/working-mothers-and-the-effects-on-children. aspx [Accessed 17 November 2011] – Meikle, J (2011) Working mothers do no harm to their young children, research finds. [Online]. Available: http://www. guardian. co. k/lifeandstyle/2011/jul/22 /working-mothers-no-harm-children [Accessed 15 November 2011] -Ross, T, Barker, C (2011) New mothers told it’s better to go back to work. [Online]. Available: http://www. telegraph. co. uk/family/8652948/New-mothers-told-its-better-to-go-back-to-work. html [Accessed 17 November 2011] – Thompson, R. L (2010) The Kids Are All Right: Few Negative Associations With Moms’ Return to Work Soon After Having Children. [Online]. Available: http://www. apa. org/news/press/releases/2010/10/working-mothers. aspx [Accessed 17 November 2011] -Worden, J. W, 4th  ed. , (2010)  Grief Counselling and Grief Therapy: A Handbook How to cite Discuss Concepts of Attachment in Human Development, Essay examples

Hell Of Way To Run Railroad By free essay sample

Klein Essay, Research Paper Maury Klein? s? A Hell of a Way to Run a Railway, ? gives a new position of dependable transit. During much of the nineteenth century railwaies dominated the American industrial landscape. The railway enabled people to go farther and besides more widely. The railway was one of the greatest technological promotions of the nineteenth century. Two hundred thousand stat mis of path were laid by 1900. The railway began to typify American prosperity. By the 1890s the rail industry was near prostration. Expansion during the 1880s caused rate wars that took the fiscal strengths of some of the strangest railwaies. Regulation of the railwaies was controlled by the Interstate Commerce Act of 1887. Railwaies were the first industry to be watched under the federal authorities. Between 1893 and 1897 one 4th of the states milage sank into receivership. The railwaies affected were the: Union Pacific, Northern Pacific, the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe, Erie, and the Philadelphia and Reading. We will write a custom essay sample on Hell Of Way To Run Railroad By or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page For two decennaries rail directors had tried unsuccessfully for some signifier of ordinance to take away the unfavorable judgment put upon them. In the phrase of Albro Martin the taking railway historiographer, ? The concluding hr had struck for the Victorian Railway Corporation? ( 2 ) . The growing of the nineteenth-century rail system had relied on conditions alone to the epoch. As more railwaies reached metropoliss and towns competitory wars erupted that drove rates down despite attempts to keep them. The railwaies undertaking was non to merely hale cargo but to assist make the towns, mills, and farms that would assist bring forth the cargo. The railway industry had reached a turning point in its history. The inquiry remained who would take the railway into the new epoch? E. H. Harriman would be the leader who brought the rail industry into the new epoch. Harriman was known as a skilled banker. Harriman was a diminutive cock with a ferocious competitory run in everything he did. During the 1880s Harriman had dabbed in smaller upstate New York railway, but his function had been mostly fiscal. Stuyvesant Fish landed him on the board of the Illinois Central when Fish needed Alliess to overhaul the company? s direction and policies. Harriman became frailty president. Tension between Harriman and Fish caused Harriman to vacate as frailty president. Harriman landed a place on the executive commission of the Union Pacific Railroad in in 1897. By turn outing his abilities he was elected president in 1898. Harriman toured the tracks of the Union Pacific. He traveled to the western portion of the U.S. Harriman saw growing and prosperity coming towards the West. He telegraphed New York and requested 25 million dollars for equipment and betterments on the railway. Over the following decennary Harriman spent a astonishing 160 million dollars overhauling Union Pacific at a clip when the sum outgos by the federal authorities averaged merely 561 million dollars a twelvemonth. In the procedure he created the most efficient railway in the West. Harriman faced the undertaking of reconstructing older lines with rickety fiscal yesteryears. Harriman had his top applied scientist John B. Berry transform lines in Wyoming. Harriman invested big amounts in automatic block signals, still an expensive rareness on American roads, but an invention that made the handling and control of trains traveling on the same paths much more safe and efficient. ? By 1909 the Harriman system had already installed more than five 1000 stat mis of block signals ; twelve old ages subsequently merely thirty-nine 1000 stat mis of the states railwaies had them? ( 6 ) . Between 1899 and 1909 the fleet of engine increased merely 11 per centum, and that of turn overing stock 20 per centum, yet the tunnage carried three over a system that had grown in milage by 36 per centum. In May of 1906 he went from San Fransico to New York in seventy-one hours and 27 proceedingss. Harriman was amazed at how smoothly the path ran. Harriman was able to sell 208 million dollars deserving of new bonds. Fixed charges increased by 3 million a twelvemonth while net income jumped 125 per centum and the excess 188 per centum. More a warrior than a diplomat, Harriman moved to enforce his ain trade name of order. Harriman, his rival George Gould said? Purposes to dominate, and if he wear? T like us he? ll throw us out? ( 8 ) . Harriman besides took control of the Southern Pacific and 247 million to do the Southern Pacific equal to the Union Pacific. Harriman had led the rail industry into a new epoch and had helped overhaul the railway system. Dividends from the Union Pacific are still paying today. Harriman faced the unfavorable judgment of himself as being arrogant, yet no uncertainties were cast on his effectivity of his ability to better the railway system. I agree that Harriman was a Bonaparte of our clip. He changed the railroads into major participants of the industrial and commercial landscape. He revolutionized American transit and helped associate East with West.

Thursday, April 30, 2020

Participatory Research and Mapping Techniques †Free Samples

Question: Discuss about the Participatory Research and Mapping Techniques. Answer: Introduction The producer of eBay is considered as the incumbent and Amazon is deemed to be a challenger. Considering the situation of eBay and Amazon, Amazon is positioned as a company that emerged as a book seller and diversified its products to offering audio, video, jewelry and toys (Amazon., 2018). Whereas, eBay offers products just through its website and its sales rely on online auction. The objective of this paper is to employ the strategic analysis frameworks in order to carry out a detailed evaluation of the recent conditions of the combat that is eBay that can facilitate the company in evaluating strategies that can be employed in re-emerging within the new market. PESTEL analysis of the incumbent company eBay is conducted in order to evacuate can also facilitate in developing effective strategies for increasing its competitive advantages in the new market (Alho, Reis Aquino, 2015). Political Factors- Market performance of eBay s impacted of political factors that encompass market stability along with level of bureaucracy and corruption levels. In the year 2015, eBay got involved in a political controversy that made the company accused of collaborating with numerous retailers to defraud the taxman of million pounds regularly. It was also revealed that the non-EU sellers of eBay and Amazon were not paying their VAT tax in any nation that resulted in loss of million pounds yearly (Alix-Garcia et al., 2017). Economic Factors- These factors impact eBays growth and revenue prospects. The exchange rate within other currencies and USD is a factor that impacts reported profits of the company. Inflation rate change is another major economic aspect that has impact on the companys performance in international markets. MercadoLibre is a New York based listed company that is online based and e-Bay has major share in that. Moreover, considering that facts sold by these units increased by 12% and most of it was driven by drastic price increase (Arellano et al., 2017). Social Factors- The overall business of eBay is impacted by changing consumer preferences, variations in the lifestyle trends along with the buying patterns of consumers. It has been gathered that there has been gradual increase in the number of consumers those prefer online retailing in contrast to offline retailing. There has been a drastic shift in the ways of consumer purchasing along with products selling (Diniz, Kok, Hoogstra-Klein Arts, 2015). Technological Factors- Increasing advancement in the technology has indicated a drastic impact on the businesses all through the world. Business model of eBay is relied on internet that is greatly impacted by technological aspects that includes security threats, server breakdowns along with changes with respect to the online payments (Frynas Mellahi, 2015). Environmental Factors- eBay is deemed to deal with distinct environmental standards and norms that cab effect the profitability of the company in the markets (Dyer, Godfrey, Jensen Bryce, 2015). For instance, in US, Florida and Texas here are several liability clauses in case of environmental disasters or mishaps. Before entering the new markets, eBay needs to consider regulation towards ecological products and support for renewable energy. Legal Factors- eBay carefully analyses the markets before market entry as such factors can facilitate in attaining competitive edge. Such factors include anti-trust laws in specialty retail, copyright and consumer protection laws in e-commerce business on other nations. SWOT Analysis The SWOT Analysis of eBay is conducted in order to realize the strengths and weaknesses of this incumbent company that can reveal the weaknesses which resulted in Amazon to beat the company. It can also reveal opportunities through which eBay can re-enter the new market and attain competitive edge over Amazon (Editorial, 2018). Strengths Worlds widest internet marketplace Effective business model and no tough competition Economies of scale Payment system Reputation of brand Better localization Weaknesses Increased fees Absence of competitive and growth strategies Opportunities Increasing number of mobile shoppers Turning out to be a retailer Increase products and services portfolio by means of acquisition Open more online stores in other nations Threats Online security Exchange rates Increasing competitive threats from Amazon Regional decreased cost online retailers Porters Five Forces Analysis Porters five forces analysis is conducted for eBay in order to understand the competitive market within which the company runs its business. It can also facilitate the incumbent to compete successfully with Amazon as it can facilitate in developing strategies based on evaluation of external competition forces (Hill, Jones Schilling, 2014). Threat of Substitutes (low)- eBay has three subsequent categories such as Starhub, Marketplace and Classified. A wide range of supermarket chains including Tesco, Walmart and Amazon is observed to act as great substitution to eBay marketplace. In addition, the existence of e-commerce sites of every huge supermarket chains drastically increases the significance of such threat. Media advertising is considered as the substitute for the classifieds of the company (Alho, Reis Aquino, 2015). Bargaining Power of Suppliers (low)- There are several suppliers that sell their products through eBay and for every product there are numerous suppliers that offers the company with diverse options. This decreases this power and keeps eBay in control. This power is also observed to be low as eBay is a renowned brand and is a dormant player within e-commerce sector that decreases its suppliers clout (Alho, Reis Aquino, 2015). Bargaining Power of Buyers (high)- Consumers hold high influence within online market. This is because of the reason that numerous players are emerging in the market that tries to address the needs of consumers. Sone of such risks can be decreased because of wide range of services and products available within eBay and still the consumers bargaining power is high. Threat of New Entrants (Moderate)- Technology has decreased the barriers to entry within the e-commerce industry. Ay player with enough capital to invest within the technology can develop its individual e-commerce business. The emerge of small and large competitors such as Flipcart, Alibaba and Snapdeal at the global and national levels are examples of the same (Hill, Jones Schilling, 2014). PayPal that is only owned subsidiary of eBay is a leading player within online payments marketplace. Moreover, established and leading players like Amazon can hack into such market with their financial and technological strength. Rivalry among Existing Companies (Medium to high)- The rivalry in the industry for eBay is observed to be highly intensive. This is because of the reason of high industry growth rate ad increasing number of business rivals. eBay competes with several distributors, retailers, search engines and mail order organizations and one of its major competitor in e-commerce industry is Amazon (Hill, Jones Schilling, 2014). The suppliers and shipping carriers tends to hold some clout due to its limited number. Due to tough competition from better policies of Amazon the incumbent is observing less growth in its active users. TR Technology Cycle Analysis The TR Technological Cycle is intended to reevaluate the environmental impacts of the eBay packages that comes from the companys warehouses and is distributed within the local market. The two fulfillment enters those are near to the Claremont is situated in Arizona and California (Ramirez-Gomez et al., 2015). No outside manufactures are considered by the incompact company eBay that is observed in the case of its challenger company Amazon. This is because of the reason that in case the package is derived from the manufacturer situated in China, United Kingdom or in other locations. The company is observed to disregard the effects related with the production and transpiration of eBay products to the fulfillment center. eBay is recently observed to be in the growth stage and in this stage the competition is increasing and its challenger company of this incumbent that is Amazon is fighting to attain most of the e-commerce industrys market share (Rothaermel, 2015). In such situation eBay needs to develop effective competitive strategies that can facilitate this e-commerce company in attaining 500 crores mar as internet usage in the nation increases. And the people get accustomed to making the online purchases. Three Phases of Innovation Model eBay is observed to have a distinct approach in developing new mobile platforms based on following three phases of simplified innovation process. These steps include conception, implementation and marketing (Hill, Jones Schilling, 2014). In the conception process eBay is observed to focus on its requirement analysis, idea generation, evaluation of its new ideas along with project planning. The implementation process of eBay is focused on development, prototype development along with pilot testing and application of its innovative strategies. The marketing process of eBay is focused on production, market launch along with domestic as well as international market penetration (LRoe, Rausch, Munger Gibbs, 2016). Based on such phases, eBays international-commerce business nature, the cost leadership generic competitive strategy focusses its strategic objectives that includes decreased prices along with broad profit margins. For instance, eBay has a suitable strategic innovation strategy to develop integrating cutting-edge technologies in order to attain economies of scale. Consequences of developing such innovation strategy needs developing online digital technologies in order to attain competitive advantage over its challenger, Amazon (Lasserre, 2017). eBay as an incumbent innovates its products in a manner to position itself as a cost leader through strategic implementation of its balancing prices, profit targets along with maintaining attractiveness of the online retail platform. The dominate intensive growth innovative strategy is deemed to be market penetration. Through this intensive innovation strategy, the organization maintains business growth through increasing the number of people by means of trade by means of its multinational e-commerce platform (Percy Elliott, 2016). Recommendations based on the incumbent to re-emerge in new market Based on the market position of the incumbent company eBay, certain effective re-emerging strategy recommendations are offed to the company in attaining competitive edge over its challenger company Amazon. The recommendations are provided to the company so that it can be able to strategically respond to the internal as well as external factors related with the environment of the industry. Management of eBay is recommended to consider the growth opportunities for the business growth. Certain recommendations are also offered to the company in increasing its rate of innovation that can deal with rapid changes in technologies by Amazon and to deal with the imitation threat from new entrants. In order to reemerge in the global e-commerce market, he incumbent is recommended to increase its degree of decentralization. This can facilitate the company to enhance its business flexibility to the market difference of e-commerce. Moreover, eBay must focus on expanding its business operations in the international market that can facilitate building the economies of scale. In order to position itself in the global market eBay is recommended to innovate virtual shopping market that can facilitate the company in attaining its global market extension. The company is recommended to offers may item specifics as possible. Item specifics can describe the companys product in a better manner and can have a superior role in its product search results. For re-establishing its business in a competitive manner eBay is recommended to include five building blocks that is randomly applied all through the history of the company. This includes co-adaptation, improvisation, experimentation, regeneration along with time pacing. This can facilitate the company to include ten major principles regarding competing on edge concerned with the organization, strategy and leadership. Conclusions The objective of this paper is to employ the strategic analysis frameworks in order to carry out a detailed evaluation of the recent conditions of the combat that is eBay that can facilitate the company in evaluating strategies that can be employed in re-emerging within the new market. It is gathered from the paper that the implementation process of eBay is focused on development, prototype development along with pilot testing and application of its innovative strategies. It is also gathered that increasing advancement in the technology has indicated a drastic impact on the businesses all through the world. Business model of eBay is relied on internet that is greatly impacted by technological aspects that includes security threats, server breakdowns along with changes with respect to the online payments. References Alho, C. J., Reis, R. E., Aquino, P. P. (2015). Amazonian freshwater habitats experiencing environmental and socioeconomic threats affecting subsistence fisheries.Ambio,44(5), 412-425. Alix-Garcia, J., Rauch, L., LRoe, J., Gibbs, H. K., Munger, J. (2017). Avoided deforestation linked to environmental registration in the Brazilian Amazon. Amazon. (2018) Retrieved 13 April 2018, from Arellano, G., Umaa, M. N., Maca, M. J., Loza, M. I., Fuentes, A., Cala, V., Jrgensen, P. M. (2017). The role of niche overlap, environmental heterogeneity, landscape roughness and productivity in shaping species abundance distributions along the AmazonAndes gradient.Global Ecology and Biogeography,26(2), 191-202. Diniz, F. H., Kok, K., Hoogstra-Klein, M. A., Arts, B. (2015). Mapping future changes in livelihood security and environmental sustainability based on perceptions of small farmers in the Brazilian Amazon.Ecology and Society,20(2). Dyer, J. H., Godfrey, P., Jensen, R., Bryce, D. (2015). Strategic Management: Concepts and Cases. Wiley Global Education. Editorial, R. (2018).${Instrument_CompanyName} ${Instrument_Ric} Company Profile | Retrieved 13 April 2018, from Frynas, J. G., Mellahi, K. (2015). Global strategic management. Oxford University Press, USA. Hill, C. W., Jones, G. R., Schilling, M. A. (2014). Strategic management: theory: an integrated approach. Cengage Learning. Jnior, C. D. S. M., Juen, L., Hamadas, N. (2015). Analysis of urban impacts on aquatic habitats in the central Amazon basin: adult odonates as bioindicators of environmental quality.Ecological Indicators,48, 303-311. LRoe, J., Rausch, L., Munger, J., Gibbs, H. K. (2016). Mapping properties to monitor forests: Landholder response to a large environmental registration program in the Brazilian Amazon.Land Use Policy,57, 193-203. Lasserre, P. (2017).Global strategic management. Palgrave. Percy, L., Elliott, R. H. (2016).Strategic advertising management. Oxford University Press. Ramirez-Gomez, S. O., Torres-Vitolas, C. A., Schreckenberg, K., Honzk, M., Cruz-Garcia, G. S., Willcock, S., ... Poppy, G. M. (2015). Analysis of ecosystem services provision in the Colombian Amazon using participatory research and mapping techniques.Ecosystem Services,13, 93-107. Rothaermel, F. T. (2015).Strategic management. McGraw-Hill Education. Schmink, M., Hoelle, J., Gomes, C. V. A., Thaler, G. M. (2017). From contested to greenfrontiers in the Amazon? A long-term analysis of So Flix do Xingu, Brazil.The Journal of Peasant Studies, 1-23.